Baby Development Chart Round Two – Developmental Milestones Chart

Social Development

Baby Development Chart Round Two – Developmental Milestones Chart

Congratulations! You’ve made it through the first year and now your baby is becoming a toddler. Now the real fun (and sweating!) begins as you begin to chase your little one around the house. This time is really exciting but can also be a bit scary as new developments also bring new safety concerns. For example, I found my 12 month old half way up the stairs this morning (note to self – need gates at the bottom of the stairs too – not just the top)! Allow your child to explore and test their limits but always under supervision.
Here’s what you can look forward to in toddlerhood and early childhood:

Developmental Milestones Chart
AGE MILESTONE
12-18 months Able to assume high kneeling
Able to stand without support
Crawls up stairs or walks up one step at a time with support
Walks with wide base of support
May begin to run/walk fast
Ball skills emerging – may push/roll/attempt to kick ball
18 months 2 years – Walks down one step at a time with rail or hand holding
Squats in play and stands back up
Able to perform a small jump in place
Kicks a stationary ball
Able to jump down from a small step with 1 foot leading
2-3 years old Walking is mature, able to navigate environment well
Begins running
Able to walk on tip toes
Able to carry or pull a toy while walking
Climbs onto and down from furniture without assistance
Picks up toys from the floor without falling over
Walks up stairs with alternating pattern with one hand on rail
Walks down stairs in step-to pattern with one hand on rail
Able to jump up 2 inches
Stands on one leg for 1-3 seconds
Able to throw a ball underhand
Attempts to catch ball when thrown directly at chest
3-4 years old Copies simple bilateral movements of limbs (e.g., arms up together)
Climbs jungle gym and ladders
Able to run around obstacles
Walks up/down stairs alternating feet with support from wall/railing
Pedals on tricycle
Able to walk on tip toes briefly
Able to stand on one foot for 3-5 seconds
Able to walk on a line without stepping off
Throws a ball underhand and overhand (may use body rotation)
Catches a medium size ball using body
Able to jump forward, down, and over small objects with 2 foot take off and landing
4-5 years old Able to stand on one foot for up to 10 seconds
Able to stand on tip toes for 8 seconds without moving feet
Kicks a ball forwards
Throws a ball overhand with minimal trunk rotation
Catches a medium size ball after a bounce
Able to catch a small size ball in hands
Runs around obstacles
Able to walk backwards on a line
Able to hop on one foot for 5 hops
Able to gallop/skip forwards
Walks up and down stairs alternating steps without support from the wall/rail
5-6 years old Runs lightly on toes
Able to walk up stairs while holding an object/toy
Walks backward in a toe-heel pattern
Able to jump forward 10 times without falling
Able to hop on one foot forwards without losing balance
Able to jump over a 10 inch hurdle with 2 foot take off and landing
Able to skip using a skipping rope
Demonstrates mature throwing and catching patterns (steps forward with leg on same side as throwing arm when throwing a ball)
Able to walk on a balance beam forwards and backwards

You can use these milestones as a guide as you play with your child, but remember that it is just a guide and every child is different. The best way for a child to develop their gross motor skills is to give them the opportunity to practice and explore what their bodies can do. If you have any concerns, as always – speak with your family doctor or pediatrician.

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Quick tips:

  • Safety, safety, safety! Baby-proof!
  • Practice new skills through exploration and play
  • If you have any concerns, discuss with your doctor

How do you foster social development in children?

Want to see our baby milestones chart?

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Jennifer Halfin, MSc(A) PT Reg (Ont)

About Jennifer Halfin, MSc(A) PT Reg (Ont)

Jennifer is a registered physiotherapist working in the field of paediatrics. She has worked with children of all ages, helping them to achieve their motor milestones through various therapeutic approaches. Jenn also has extensive experience working with infants with torticollis and plagiocephaly. As a new mom herself, she loves sharing her experiences and learning from others.

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